Dental sealants are thin plastic coatings that are applied to the grooves on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth to protect them from tooth decay. Most tooth decay in children and teens occurs on these surfaces. Sealants protect the chewing surfaces from tooth decay by keeping germs and food particles out of these grooves.
A filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and shape. The decayed tooth structure is removed and the affected area is cleaned then fills the cleaned out cavity with a filling material. There are two different types of fillings, Amalgam (silver color) and Composite (white color).
A crown is used to entirely cover a cracked or damaged tooth. Besides strengthening a damaged tooth, a crown can be used to improve its appearance, shape, or alignment. A crown can also be placed on top of an implant to provide a tooth for function.
Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth. A bridge is made by creating a crown for the teeth on either side of the space and attaching a false tooth or teeth between the crowns. The crowns can be supported by natural teeth or by implants. The false tooth or teeth are attached to the crowns and fill the empty space.
Implants are devices that replace the roots of missing teeth. They are used to support crowns, bridges or dentures. Implants are surgically placed in your jawbone. Implants typically feel more natural and secure than other methods of replacing missing teeth, such as dentures.
Root canal treatment is the removal of the tooth’s pulp, arteries, veins and nerve in the center of the tooth. Once damaged, diseased or dead pulp is removed, the remaining space is cleaned, shaped and filled. This procedure seals off the inside of the tooth.
Dentures are removable replacements for missing teeth. There are two main types of dentures, complete and partial. Complete dentures replace all the teeth while partial dentures replace only the missing teeth and is secured by the retained teeth. Both are custom fitted and aid with chewing and restoring missing teeth.
A tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. Teeth are removed for many reasons such as making more room prior to orthodontics, impaction of the wisdom teeth, and decayed or broken so badly they are not restorable.
A night guard is a horseshoe-shaped, retainer-like, plastic appliance with shallow borders that can be worn on either the top or the bottom arch. It is designed to protect the teeth from the pressure of clenching and grinding by providing a protective cushion between the upper and lower teeth. A night guard can be a simple and affordable solution for protecting your teeth and jaws from the damaging effects of bruxism. When properly made, it can help reduce clenching, grinding, and TMJ problems by helping to relax the muscles in the mouth and jaw.